Christina McKelvie MSP, Convener of the Scottish Parliament's EU and External Affairs Committee, has announced an enquiry into the future relationship between the UK and the EU as a whole.
The cross-party group will take evidence from a range of experts and will give prominence to Scotland's interests in the EU.
Ms McKelvie said: “The UK Government’s referendum and reform agenda are likely to have profound implications for Scotland’s own relationship with the EU. With Europe increasingly dominating the political agenda, it is important that the Scottish Parliament plays an active role in the debate and provides a forum for the people of Scotland to have their say.
"As well as examining the implications for Scotland of the proposed referendum on the UK’s membership and the UK Government’s EU reform agenda MSPs will also consider how the Scottish Parliament and Scottish ministers can influence discussions on both the referendum and reform negotiations."
The referendum will be the focus of the committee’s evidence sessions in November and December.
First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, has already made clear her demand for a "triple lock" so that Scotland could not be forced out of the EU in a vote where England votes to end membership and Scotland votes to stay in.
At last month's EU Committee Meeting, a prominent academic in Scotland argued that the current Westminster position could be "incompatible" with further devolved powers.
Dr Eve Hepburn of Edinburgh University's Centre on Constitutional Change argued: “There is an issue to consider of whether some of the demands that the UK Government is making in its EU renegotiation efforts are actually incompatible with devolution as Scotland has some control over migrant rights. Indeed, these new Scottish powers may mean that Mr Cameron is only able to negotiate restrictions on migrant access to benefits in parts of the UK outside Scotland, as the UK Government is unable to legislate on Scottish matters.
“This links with a broader issue of whether the UK Government would actually be able to negotiate an exit from the European Union, as this would directly affect Scotland’s competences as set out in the Scotland Act, which requires the UK to gain Scottish consent.”